Find out how to properly increase your income during these uncertain times without any pitfalls!
Increase your income in Germany properly: Electricity, gas, petrol and groceries are becoming more and more expensive. Low earners, pensioners and the middle class in Germany are stating to notice the price increases. In order to make ends meet, more and more Germans are earning something extra with a part-time job. Some even have multiple jobs at the same time. This has pitfalls. Find out how to increase your income without getting in trouble.
Increase your income: Do I have to report a second job?
Even before you accept a part-time job, you must notify your employer. At least if it is agreed in the collective or employment contract.
In order to avoid trouble, you should do it in any case. Because your employer has a legitimate interest in knowing:
● whether your social security situation will change as a result of the part-time job.
● whether the part-time job competes with your main job.
● Whether the statutory rest periods are observed despite the part-time job.
There is a shortage of workers in Germany! Looking for a job? There are up to 1.7 million vacancies. According to employment agencies, the following are sought after:
► 33,073 salespeople
► 24,216 warehouse workers
► 23,892 clerical workers
► 14,967 truck drivers
► 13,927 kindergarten teachers
► 13,722 mechanical engineering specialists
► 12,535 geriatric nurses
► 12,161 nurses
► 11,621 car technicians
► 11,618 cooks
Do I have to observe rest periods?
Yes. According to the Working Hours Act, employees must have an uninterrupted rest period of at least eleven hours after the end of their daily working hours.
Example: The job starts at 7 am. Then you have to stop working by 8 p.m. the night before. With a second job in gastronomy, you can hardly keep the break.
Can your current boss forbid you from starting a second job?
In Germany, part-time jobs do not have to be approved by the main employer.
▶︎ However, you are obliged to report any sideline work before you start work if this is agreed in the employment contract or collective bargaining agreement or if your employer’s interests are harmed by the sideline job.
If you don’t keep rest periods, your boss can demand that you limit your part-time work. He can even ban the part-time job if the main job suffers as a result.
► The employer can also prohibit a second job with a competing company.
Example: The deliverer of a parcel service also delivers parcels from a competing company.
Such a breach of duty can justify a warning and, in serious cases, termination.
What rights do mini-jobbers have?
If you do not earn more than 450 euros, you are considered a mini-jobber.
When it comes to holiday entitlement, protection against dismissal and holiday pay, you are treated the same as full-time employees.
However, mini-jobbers do not automatically have health and social insurance. Exception:
- Pensioners with mini-jobs have health insurance through the pension insurance agency.
- If the mini-job is carried out as a part-time job, you are usually insured for your full-time job.
If a mini-jobber has a main job that is subject to compulsory insurance, he can only do a 450-euro mini-job on the side. If he later takes on one or more 450-euro jobs, these are added to the main job and, with the exception of unemployment insurance, are usually subject to compulsory insurance.
Can you do countless part-time jobs in Germany without a main job?
In principle, it is permissible to carry out several 450-euro mini-jobs at the same time if there is no main employment subject to compulsory insurance.
However, no more than 450 euros may be earned per month in all jobs combined. If the earnings limit is exceeded overall, all jobs are subject to insurance – and therefore no mini-jobs.
- Do you know the 6 part-time work models in Germany?
- In Germany, every employee has the right to part-time work