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HomeGerman LifestyleThe German naturalization test: Would you pass it?

The German naturalization test: Would you pass it?

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If you want to become German, you have to take the German naturalization test (citizenship test). Don’t panic: with a little practice, the exam is not particularly difficult. But you have to be able to speak German for that.

No matter how long a person has been living in Germany: If you want to get a German passport as a foreigner, you have to pass the German naturalization test. Very few people do not have to take the German citizenship test, for example foreigners with a German school leaving certificate or with a special degree.

Successful completion of the German citizenship test (naturalization test) has been a prerequisite for naturalization in Germany since 2008

The questionnaire with 33 questions about naturalization includes 30 general questions about the historical and political background of Germany as well as 3 test questions relating to your state. Whoever answered 17 questions correctly has passed. Can you pass the test? Below are the online German naturalization test for each German state with all official questions – FREE of charge. 

How it works: First select your state and then your answer from 4 possible answers. The evaluation shows whether your answers are correct. Would you pass the German citizenship test?

What is the German naturalization test?

German naturalization test

In order to complete the naturalization of people without German citizenship, successful participation in the naturalization test is required. The naturalization test serves as proof of knowledge of the legal and social order and the living conditions in Germany.

Who has to take the naturalization test and who doesn’t?

People who live permanently in Germany without German citizenship, meet the naturalization requirements and apply for naturalization at the naturalization authority are obliged to take the naturalization test. 

The naturalization test, in which knowledge of the legal and social system and living conditions in Germany is proven, does not have to be taken by persons under 16 years of age. The same applies to people who are mentally, physically or emotionally incapable of taking the German naturalization test. 

Also exempt from the questionnaire is anyone who has a German school leaving certificate or who can prove that they have successfully completed a degree at a German university in the fields of law, social sciences, social sciences, political sciences or administrative sciences.

Where can I register for the naturalization test?

The German naturalization test is basically a questionnaire consisting of 33 test questions, each with 4 possible answers. 30 test questions relate to 3 nationally standardized topics such as “Living in a democracy”, “History and responsibility” and “People and society”. The fourth subject area with 3 questions deals with the federal state in which naturalization is to take place.

German naturalization test

Where are the naturalization test and the language test taken?

Both the naturalization test and the language test are taken at recognized test centers. The test centers are usually regional adult education centers (VHS). Local naturalization authorities provide information about nearby testing centers.

What does the naturalization test look like?

The naturalization test consists of 33 test questions, each with 4 possible answers. 30 test questions relate to 3 nationally standardized topics such as “Living in a democracy”, “History and responsibility” and “People and society”. The fourth subject area with 3 questions deals with the federal state in which naturalization is to take place.

How does the naturalization test work?

An examination date for the naturalization test must be requested from the responsible test center; the examination fee of 25 euros must be paid in cash when registering. The registration deadline is usually 3 weeks. Before the start of the test, the identity is determined on the basis of official identification documents. 

During the processing time of 60 minutes, the correct answer from four possible answers must be selected for 33 test questions. Aids are not permitted in the naturalization test. The test results are then transmitted by post and can contain the predicates “successfully participated” or “participated”.


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How do I prepare for the naturalization test and the language test?

German naturalization test

The Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF) offers an interactive catalog of questions in the online test center, which shows the correct answer and brief background information after each question is answered. 

Alternatively, the complete catalog of the naturalization test questions and the federal state-specific questionnaires can be downloaded as PDF from the Federal Ministry of the Interior (BMI). Some of the federal states also offer courses to prepare for the naturalization test. 

You can obtain information on this from your local naturalization authority. Exercise sets and sound recordings are available at the BAMF to prepare for the language test.

How much does the naturalization test cost?

When taking the naturalization test, an examination fee of 25 euros is charged.

What happens if I fail the naturalization test?

The naturalization test consists of a questionnaire with 33 test questions. At least 17 of the naturalization test questions must be answered correctly to pass. If you fail, the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF) provides the possibility of repeating the naturalization test. 

The naturalization process is not endangered, the process is only delayed. There is no limit to the number of attempts, but an examination fee of 25 euros per attempt is charged.

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Expaturm aims to help educate Expats in Germany on key issues that they will have to deal with while living in Germany by providing everything you need to know about Banking, Healthcare, Lifestyle, and Housing in Germany
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