Which preventative health checks are available in Germany?
Usually someone who is in pain goes to the doctor. But by then it is often too late. In Germany there are medical check-ups for which the health insurance companies pay. There are not even practice fees. Below you will find an overview of the 8 most important preventative health checks available to men and women in Germany.
- From 18: dental care
- From 20: early gynecological diagnosis
- From 30: Further early detection for women
- From 35: check-up at the family doctor
- From 45: men to the urologist
- From 50: Colon cancer screening for men and women
- 50 and over: breast cancer screening for women
- 55+: Colon cancer screening for men and women
- React earlier if you have previous illnesses
From 18: dental care
This applies equally to young men and women. From the age of 18 you should have an annual dental check-up. Not only the teeth are checked there. The dentist also looks for mouth and jaw diseases. Important: After the examination, have the result entered in the bonus booklet. Then the health insurance pays more for dentures.
From 20: early gynecological diagnosis
From the age of 20, women should have their gynecologists checked for cervical cancer every year. The gynecologist takes a smear from the cervix and cervix and also examines the internal and external genital organs.
From 30: Further early detection for women
At the age of 30, the existing annual check-up at the gynecologist is supplemented by a more extensive examination for early diagnosis. In addition to the scan for cervical cancer, there is also prevention. To do this, the gynecologist palpates the chest and armpits. He also looks for changes in the skin or breast changes.
From 35: check-up at the family doctor
This examination is available for men and women: From the age of 35 you should have your family doctor checked you every two years. The doctor then looks at the heart, circulation, diabetes or kidney disease. He will also ask about such illnesses in the family. The doctor also checks the cholesterol and blood sugar levels, examines the urine and advises the patient.
From 45: men to the urologist
Anyone who has turned 45 should see their family doctor or urologist once a year. Because then the risk of developing prostate cancer increases for men. Here, too, the doctor is interested in previous illnesses in the family. He will also look at and palpate the external genital organs. The doctor can only examine the prostate itself by palpating through the rectum. He also takes a look at the lymph nodes and advises the patient on further examinations or therapeutically.
From 50: Colon cancer screening for men and women
For men and women aged 50 and over, there are tests to prevent colon cancer. The family doctor or gastroenterologist will examine for invisible blood in the stool and palpate the rectum. This examination should be done annually. The health insurance companies invite you in writing to this screening appointment.
50 and over: breast cancer screening for women
All women between the ages of 50 and 70 receive mail every two years and are invited to have a mammography. First of all, the gynecologist is the right contact. He then transfers the money. This examination is used to search for breast cancer by means of an X-ray examination (mammography). Pre-existing illnesses in the family also play a role here.
55+: Colon cancer screening for men and women
Previously, a small examination to rule out colon cancer was all that is needed, but if you wish, the examination can be more extensive from the age of 55. The patient has the choice to keep the two-year examination in its current form and to have the stool checked for hidden blood. Or he decides on the more precise diagnostic method, a colonoscopy. This is only necessary every ten years. This examination is useful for both men and women.
The health insurance companies invite you in writing to this screening appointment.
React earlier if you have previous illnesses
Basically: If there are previous illnesses in the family or if you already have cardiovascular problems, cancer, a stroke, diabetes or other chronic diseases, it is always useful to talk to your doctor about it. He can decide whether individual early detection examinations do not make sense earlier than planned. If medically necessary, the health insurers will also pay for it here.