In Germany there are four major landscapes: in the north the North German lowlands, in central Germany the low mountain ranges and in the south the Alpine foothills and the Alps. That is why there German country side is increadible.
Germany is located in central Europe. It has nine neighboring states. This makes it the country with most of the neighboring countries in Europe. These are Denmark, Poland, the Czech Republic, Austria, Switzerland, France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands. I will discuss about the incredible Germany country side.
Federal Republic of Germany
Germany’s full name is the “Federal Republic of Germany”. Germany is a federal state made up of 16 federal states. These are Schleswig-Holstein, Hamburg, Bremen, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Lower Saxony, Brandenburg, Berlin, Saxony-Anhalt, North Rhine-Westphalia, Hesse, Thuringia, Saxony, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland, Baden-Württemberg and Bavaria.
Berlin, Hamburg and Bremen are city-states, whereby Bremen still includes Bremerhaven, which is not in the city area. The largest federal states are Bavaria, Lower Saxony and Baden-Württemberg, the smallest state is Bremen. Most people live in North Rhine-Westphalia, followed by Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg.
The name “Federal Republic” also means that Germany is a republic. The people choose who should rule them. There is no king or emperor – that has been the case since 1918.
What is it like in Germany?
Germany has very diverse landscapes. The country can be roughly divided into the North German lowlands, the low mountain ranges and the Alpine foothills. In the north are the coasts of the North Sea and Baltic Sea, in the south the Alps rise.
In the north German lowlands, the land is flat or hilly. There are heaths, moors and entire lake landscapes, such as the Mecklenburg Lake District.
The low mountain range separates the north from the south of the country. There are many low mountain ranges here. This means that the mountains here are between 500 and 1500 meters high. The Harz, the Rhön, the Taunus, the Ore Mountains, the Hunsrück, the Eifel or the Black Forest are some of these low mountain ranges.
In the south, the Alps rise after the foothills of the Alps. But Germany only has a very small share of these high mountains. Germany’s highest mountain, the Zugspitze, is located in the Alps. It is 2962 meters high.
The longest distance from north to south is 886 kilometers. Those who cross the country from west to east need a maximum of 636 kilometers.
Islands in Germany – Germany Country Side
A number of islands belong to Germany. In the North Sea are the East Frisian Islands and the North Frisian Islands.
The East Frisian Islands include (from east to west) Wangerooge, Spiekeroog, Langeoog, Baltrum, Norderney, Juist and Borkum. You can remember their order with a saying. It works like this: Which sailor lies in bed at night? The first letters each stand for an island.
The North Frisian Islands include Sylt, Föhr, Amrum and Pellworm. There are also several Halligen. These are small, low-lying islands that are often flooded by storm surges. The houses are therefore on small hills, the terps.
Heligoland is also located in the North Sea. It is the most distant inhabited island in Germany from the mainland.
The water in the North Sea rises and falls regularly. This is called the tide. At high tide the water rises, at low tide it falls. This can be seen particularly well in the Wadden Sea. The landscape that is free of water at low tide is also called the tidal flats.
There are also islands in the Baltic Sea. The largest are Fehmarn, Poel, Hiddensee, Rügen and Usedom.
Other islands are in lakes. The best known are the islands in Lake Constance (Reichenau, Mainau and Lindau) and the Herreninsel, which is located in the Chiemsee.
Rivers in Germany
Many rivers flow through Germany. The longest river is the Rhine. It flows in the west of Germany. It comes from Switzerland, then flows 865 kilometers through Germany or along the border before disappearing into the Netherlands, where it flows into the North Sea.
So, the Rhine flows from south to north. This is also done by the Weser and Elbe, both of which also flow into the North Sea. The Oder, which forms the border river to Poland, flows into the Baltic Sea.
The Danube flows in the south of Germany. It rises in Germany and then flows east to Austria. It flows through a total of ten countries before it flows into the Black Sea.
There are around 900 rivers in Germany over a length of ten kilometers. If you count the even shorter ones, there are even more. Is your place of residence also on a river? What’s his name?
Lakes in Germany
There are also numerous lakes in Germany. The largest of them can be found on the one hand in the south, in the foothills of the Alps, on the other hand in the north, in Holstein Switzerland and Mecklenburg.
The largest lake is Lake Constance. But it also belongs to Austria and Switzerland. The largest lake in Germany is the Müritz. It belongs to the Mecklenburg Lake District. The Chiemsee is the third largest lake in Germany after these two. It lies in the foothills of the Alps.
In addition to natural lakes, there are also artificially created lakes. The lakes in Leipzig New Lakeland, for example, were created in a former open-cast lignite mine. The hollows created by the mining have been flooded. Now you can swim there and lie on the beach. There are also many reservoirs. The water of a river is dammed up there. Electricity is then generated via a dam power station or the reservoir serves as a drinking water reservoir.
The capital of Germany: Berlin
The capital of Germany is Berlin. 3.5 million people live here. Berlin is located in eastern Germany and is a city-state. The rivers Spree and Havel flow through the city.
During the division of Germany, the eastern part of the city was the capital of the GDR, while the city of Bonn in North Rhine-Westphalia became the capital of the Federal Republic. Berlin had been divided by a wall since 1961. With the reunification in 1990, Berlin became the capital of united Germany again.
Berlin is considered a cosmopolitan city. It is a cultural, economic and political center. It is considered a city of great importance worldwide.
Many tourists visit Berlin. Twelve million people come to the city every year. You drive to the television tower on Alexanderplatz, visit the zoo, look at the Reichstag and the Brandenburg Gate. Other attractions are the Charlottenburg Palace, Museum Island, Berlin Cathedral, the Memorial Church on Ku’damm and the Pfaueninsel. Below are photos of some of these attractions. In addition to many museums, Berlin also has numerous theaters.
How is the weather in Germany?
Germany lies in the temperate climate zone. It is neither as hot here as in the subtropics further south, nor as cold as in the cold climate zone in the north. On the other hand, if you look to the west and east, Germany is also in a transition zone: Western Europe has a maritime climate and Eastern Europe has a continental climate.
The westerly wind often blows moist, but also mild sea air from the Atlantic into Germany. On the coast and in the regions adjoining it, the temperature differences between day and night as well as between winter and summer are smaller than in the east and south of the country. In Bavaria, for example, the summers are warmer and the winters colder than in Hamburg, for example.
The mean annual average temperature is 8.2 degrees. In the coldest month of January, it is on average minus 0.5 degrees, in the warmest month of July 16.9 degrees. 789 millimeters of precipitation fall on an annual average. Rain falls all year round – but most of it in summer.
By the way, most of the sun shines in the far north. The islands of Rügen and Usedom are among the regions in Germany with the most hours of sunshine. But they are followed by places in the south such as Lörrach, Karlsruhe or Stuttgart.
Definitely have a look – in Germany!
The Brandenburg Gate is one of the most famous landmarks in Berlin. It was once a city gate to Berlin and then became a symbol of German reunification. The Berlin Wall ran here between 1961 and 1990.
Records in Germany
Where in Germany is the largest stadium and where is the largest train station? Which is the tallest church tower? You can find out here in: Record buildings in Germany.
This is the television tower in Berlin. It stands on Alexanderplatz and is 368 meters high. It really sticks out into the sky, doesn’t it? You’d have to stack 115 full-grown elephants on top of each other to get to this height! Because it is so high, you can see it from many corners of Berlin. Incidentally, it is also one of the 10 most popular sights in Germany!
You can drive up and in the round ball you can sit in a restaurant that is turning at a height of 207 meters. Cool right? The top piece of the television tower is a 118 meter long antenna support. That’s the red and white striped piece. People can’t go here. That is why the Berlin TV tower is the tallest structure in Germany, but not the tallest building!
That’s in Frankfurt and it’s the Commerzbank Tower. You can see him here on the far right of the picture. It is 259 meters high and it was completed in 1997. The skyscraper has 56 floors. The top is also another 40 meters high. You can only visit the tower with a pre-booked tour.
Frankfurt still holds a record, namely that of Germany’s largest airport. 64 million passengers are counted here every year. The scoreboard is pretty big too! Not only people, but also goods are transported here quite a lot, namely 2.2 tons per year. That is also a record in Germany. There are four runways and two large and one small terminal at Frankfurt Airport.
In Leipzig, however, is the largest train station. Actually, one should say: “the largest station area”, because that is 83,640 m² in size, which is roughly the same as 12 soccer fields. 120,000 travelers can be counted daily at Leipzig Central Station. There are 21 platform tracks, which is surpassed by the stations in Frankfurt, Munich and Nuremberg. However, the Leipzig train station is considered to be the largest terminus in Europe. At terminal stations, the tracks end in the train station. So, where the trains go in, they go out again.
Of course, there is also one of the largest ports in Germany, and that is in Hamburg. The Port of Hamburg is Germany’s largest seaport and is in third place in Europe (after Rotterdam and Antwerp, both of which are in the Netherlands). There are four container terminals in the Port of Hamburg. Nowadays, goods are shipped in containers. These are large steel containers of a certain size.
This makes them easy to stack and load. This can be seen well on container ships. The containers are reloaded in a container terminal, for example from a ship to a truck or a train and vice versa. Almost 9 million of these containers are “handled” in the Port of Hamburg every year, this is the name given to the change of means of transport, for example from a ship to a truck. Whether coffee, bananas,
Where do you think the world’s crookedest tower is? That reminds you of the Leaning Tower of Pisa? Are you kidding me? Are you serious when you say that! The steepest tower not only in Germany, but in the world is the church tower in Suurhusen. Where is it? Suurhusen is located in East Frisia, in the very north-west of Germany. The incline of the church tower there is 5.19 degrees, that of the Leaning Tower of Pisa only 3.97 degrees. The tower in Suurhusen is probably crooked because it was built on moorland that was drained all around in the 19th century. The water level sank and the oak trunks on which the tower was built lay dry and rotten.
And there is another world record among Germany’s church towers: the tallest church tower in the world is in Ulm and belongs to Ulm Minster. It is 161.53 meters high.