No mustard on Weißwurst? Putin is interfering with the food culture in Germany! Almost 80 percent of the mustard seeds imported in Germany come from Russia and the Ukraine. A shortage of raw materials can already be observed. Should we expect mustard shortages in 2022?
Mustard shortages in Germany: The result of Putin’s war in Ukraine will be that the production of mustard will get tight resulting in raw material shortages and delivery failures. Can these shortages be easily absorbed by other suppliers?
Mustard shortages in Germany are starting to cause concerns
Almost 80 percent of the mustard seeds imported in Germany come from Russia and the Ukraine. Since the start of the Russian war in Ukraine, a shortage of raw materials can already be observed. Kulinaria, the food association that represents around 130 companies that produce mustard, among other things, expects an intensified shortage in the coming weeks and months.
Types of mustard
- Bordeaux mustard – made from mustard seeds (grind less than 30 mm), vinegar, water, salt and spices. The few ingredients are reflected in the taste.
- Dijon mustard – for the production of Dijon mustard, black or brown de-oiled mustard seeds are used, sometimes also from sareptasenf. The mustard seeds are sieved and not ground and then pre-swollen in wine vinegar, strained and freed from their husks.
- Düsseldorfer Mostert – Düsseldorfer Mostert consists of yellow and brown mustard seeds and unfiltered brandy vinegar. At its origins in 1726, unfiltered grape must was used instead of brandy.
- English mustard – English mustard is hot mustard, the sharpness of which comes solely from the mustard seeds.
- Estrogon mustard – Tarragon mustard with smooth consistency consists of light mustard seeds with a grinding degree between 30 -40 mm. The smell of tarragon mustard is reminiscent of vinegar.
- Japanese mustard – Kona Karashi is usually offered as mustard powder. The Japanese mustard is mixed 1:1 with water to form a paste, if required. Because the vinegar is missing, the mustard tastes sour, a little bitter and spicy.
- Krems mustard – Kremser mustard is obtained from dark and light mustard seeds. After pre-swelling with wine or fermentation vinegar, grinding takes place.
- Mostrich – It uses unfermented grape juice for the production instead of vinegar. During production, candied fruits are pickled with lauter sugar and mustard oil.
- Mosarda die Frutta – Mosarda die Frutta refers to a type of mustard with a sweet and spicy flavor.
- Rotisseur mustard – Rotisseur mustard is a collective name for heat-resistant mustard, which is suitable for seasoning grilled meat, for example.
- Sareptasenf – made exclusively from sarepta seeds. Other ingredients are wine vinegar, salt, spices and sugar.
Germans love mustard! Any shortages will be felt!
Mustard is indispensable in German cuisine and is used in many ways. As an accompaniment to sausages or grilled meat and as an important ingredient in salad dressings and sauces, it spices up summer cooking in particular.
German mustard producers import most of the mustard seeds from Canada, the Ukraine, Hungary, India, and the Czech Republic.
Most conventional mustard brands import mustard seeds from Eastern Europe, Russia, Ukraine or Canada. With organic mustard, the seed comes from Germany and partly from the import countries mentioned above.
11 German foods that will be affected by mustard shortages in Germany
- Eggs in mustard sauce – this is a typical German recipe that you’ll either likes or dislike
- Münchner Schnitzel or Old Bavarian schnitzel – Bavarian beef roulades in sweet mustard sauce
- Bayerische Fleischpflanzerl – Bavarian meatballs
- Weißwurst mit senf – Bavarian white sausage with mustard
- Sächsische Flecke – a hearty soup that has tripe (cow stomach) as its main ingredient. Marjoram and mustard are added for taste. Other than being delicious, it is also known to be a super-effective hangover remedy.
- Schwenkbraten – a Saarland BBQ brings all kinds of culinary treats to the table.
- Bettsäächer Salat – this tongue twister is the name for the Saarland take on a dandelion salad.
- Saxon mustard meat – a real classic from eastern Germany
- Halve Hahn (Halber Hahn) – a buttered rye roll, halved and topped with Gouda cheese and mustard served with pickles and onions that you’ll find in Cologne pubs
- Frankfurter würstchen – a smoked sausage made from pure pork, which is eaten hot and usually accompanied by bread and mustard.
- Snuten un Poten – a North German (mostly the Hamburg area) dish in which the parts of the pork that had been preserved in brine were originally processed.
Mustard is running out: bottlenecks are imminent in Germany
► Aldi, Lidl, Rewe and Co. could soon run out of mustard: Due to the war in Ukraine, bottlenecks in the supply of raw materials are threatening.
What should consumers know?
- The war in Ukraine has already led to bottlenecks in some products such as cooking oil and flour in Germany. As the world reports , the mustard in this country could soon be scarce.
- As a result, around three quarters of all processed seeds come from the two countries. A shortage of raw materials can already be observed in many places. This is likely to worsen again in the coming weeks and months, according to Kulinaria
- The current silo stocks would last for a few weeks or months. Bottlenecks are imminent in the second half of the current year and in the first half of 2023 at the latest.
Where does mustard come from?
Mustard originates from Asia. In ancient China and Egypt, mustard was already valued for its pungency. The Romans brought mustard seeds back from their campaigns and used mustard as a condiment. The Greeks, in turn, used the condiment for its health benefits and healing properties for internal irritations. In Central Europe, mustard spread only late.
For a long time mustard was simply a weed in the fields. In the 13th century, the Dukes of Burgundy issued quality guidelines for mustard production. The city of Dijon received the monopoly for mustard production. Dijon mustard is still produced today according to these guidelines. The first mustard factory in Germany was founded in Düsseldorf in 1726 by Bernhard Bergrath. Düsseldorf mustard is still available today under the name “ABB”.
Bottlenecks in mustard: “Currently there are no more mustard seeds to buy on the world market.”
In principle, mustard seeds are also grown in this Germany, but only to a very manageable extent. The quantities of the German farmers “would not be nearly enough for our mustard production.
Popular brands of Mustard that will be affected by shortages in mustard seeds in Germany
- Born Feinkost
- Düsseldorfer Löwensenf
The third largest exporter of mustard after Russia and Ukraine is Canada. Mustard seeds from Canada can be shipped to Germany at short notice but are considerably more expensive. That would mean an overpayment for raw materials.
► More alarming: The mustard seeds supply chain has also been closed: Currently, there are no more mustard seeds to buy on the world market.
The major manufacturer Händlmeier has now shut down the first machines and reduced production as a result so that it can probably remain able to deliver until August.